Public Safety Bureau (2023)

I've heard that in the novel / manga that Kogami's "real" character shines through as a deeply unromantic person, in addition to the interview that mentions he isn't really proactively interested in finding a match for himself, and that Kogami & Akane's relationship was always meant to be deep and full of trust, but not romantic in nature. What are your thoughts on this?

It tires me. It concerns me in ways I won’t discuss. My first thoughts are that they don’t know what romantic means and that there’s a pretty considerable gap between the two languages regarding it. That, or the writers are making a feeble C.Y.A. attempt because they don’t know where to go from here.

Also in that interview, they mention that they didn’t consider it romantic, they knew their relationship would“be interpreted that way.” Hello Editor Red Flags, thy initials are B.S.

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Humor aside, I can be objective. This also means that putting all of my Shinkane-loving nature aside, it doesn’t change what’s been written between them.

1. I’ll start with my least important point. The manga came after the anime. The anime establishes canon, the manga does not. If I wrote a Harry Potter novella that explores the adventures of Tom Riddle preparing to go to Hogwarts, does that make it canon? No. It means I’m merely exploring concepts that weren’t present in the HP series. When Rowling decided to claim after her works were released that she didn’t believe Ron and Hermione should have ended up together, did that change the in-series fact that they were? If it’s not in the series content, it doesn’t count. It’s no different than a fan fiction. However, if we are going to call the manga canon, then I still strongly disagree with that statement, which I’ll discuss more in the following points.

2. Kogami being “unromantic” is not correct in any sense in the English definition of it. His ideologies are some of the most romantic in the series (second to Makishima, possibly third if we include Akane) and is a character largely driven by his own passions for justice, revenge, etc. This is also a man who delves deeply into literature (full of romantic ideologies) and ponders them, even seeming to apply these works to his own life and quoting them back toward Makishima when a passage is brought up. Too often, we see the term romantic in only one sense of the word. Kogami is an idealist even if those ideals are deeply flawed. That side of him really shows through in the movie when he latches on to cause that isn’t even his own because of the belief he is protecting people. Kogami is an idealist in the sense of his beliefs in protecting people.

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He is deeply romantic, rather than unromantic.

Addressing the other side of him being romantic, it was also stated a long time ago that when he was younger he believed that Sibyl would lead him to his perfect match (if anyone remembers where this was stated, I’d appreciate a link). In that, he was willing to blindly trust the system as so many others did in finding his match, but I doubt he ever prioritized it. Not prioritizing something doesn’t mean somebody is unromantic, it means that romantic relationships are not their priority. Kogami’s not the type to go get on Sibyl Tinder because he’s just“gotta have a girlfriend” or because he’s bored. His focuses are elsewhere, but that in no way means he isn’t open to the idea. Later stated in the“ideal woman” interview (if we are going to use interviews to establish a supplementary point, which I don’t enjoy doing because they’re not in the series itself), he does in fact have a type that he finds attractive and appealing. Which, unsurprisingly enough, matches Akane perfectly.

3. Akane and Kogami’s relationship is in fact deep and full of trust, but if we were to base it on both anime and manga, it is no way limited to these facets.If we are to say Kogami is unromantic, we must also completely omit his lines about protecting people, his hopes that working under Akane will help him re-establish a clearer and more independent sense of justice again, his quest for revenge (largely a poetic justice) against Makishima (while ultimately sacrificing himself in terms of livelihood), etc. We must also eliminate the hand-written letter he wrote to Akane (a romantic gesture in itself in the ideological sense).

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To say that their relationship is within one small box is to disregard context clues (which are really more baseball bat to the face than clues) provided throughout their behavior toward each other, dialogue and suggestion provided by other characters, and even interpretation by the same characters. More often than not, their relationship is perceived by others in a way that reflects its evolution, from merely being “strangely connected by fate” to much more personal and, yes, romantic aspects. Subtlety does not exclude these elements. They still exist even if they aren’t as obvious as, for example, the implication of stress people experience at the hand of society and trying to achieve the status of the quintessential citizen.

The entire basis of Akane and Kogami’s relationship from his perspective is romantic. It doesn’t mean he’s chasing after her. Her vision is something he desires–a clear purpose that he is always searching for, which led to the establishment of their mental connection early on. Respect and trust followed as the series progressed, as did something new. This new element was something that went beyond those three things, made very clear from her perspective. Kogami is harder to read than Akane, but he’s also not impossible. He begins speaking to her differently. He softens and becomes more protective.

Season 2 is very suggestive where Akane is concerned, from her new habit of lighting cigarettes (in an attempt to recreate his presence, both helping her focus and providing a physical aspect through quite literally breathing this presence in). I made a joke once that it was because the writers knew they had written a relationship between them that transcended trust and depth that they chose to write Kogami completely out of the season. Akane isn’t the type to pine after someone and she’s proven to have an exceptional intuition. Obviously, she felt a connection between them that went far beyond a friendship or partnership.

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Then, we have the film. Akane is the one who’s built up walls (to protect herself) and Kogami is the one who is more open to her. He tells her his darkest thoughts and fears, doesn’t dare leave her alone with any of his group until he is left no choice (in attempt to help her escape the mercenaries). During their shortreunion, there is a thick, unbearable tension that’s arisen between them. That tension isn’t one-dimensional and limited to the new situation he’s put himself in. To say that Kogami wouldn’t have known he hurt Akane in breaking his promise to her would be insulting his intelligence, and it was more than a little obvious that he was afraid of what she might think of him after the fact combined with his new rebel role.

He cares deeply about what she thinks, and this is something we only see between Ko and Akane in that regard. In the long run, it never seems to matter to him what Gino, Shion, Saiga, or anyone else says to him if his own beliefs propel him toward a different action. He listens, but rarely applies what he hears from others. This is not the case with Akane. He wants her opinion, not just because of her clarity, but because he cares what she thinks. I mentioned in passing to another user that he wouldn’t face her directly in the film while discussing these things until the balcony scene where he ultimately came clean and expressed his doubts of his own cause and character. During her reply, he listened intently, clinging to her every word. Why does he do that? It’s long been established that he sees something in her that he lacks: a vision, optimism, and an ability to see the bigger picture. She is the light in his dark abyss, and he is fully aware of it. When Akane is forced to leave and the walls she’d created diminished, he doesn’t give her a goodbye like he does the first time. He tells her to come catch him again. In their phone conversation (supplementary material, but since we are including it), he told her he hoped they could one day meet again as ordinary people, and it’s clear that he truly wishes it.

Ginoza’s line to Kogami in the film also supports that there is more between Ko and Akane than mere trust. If trust were the root of it, it would be easy for both to sever ties. Both have shown they could in the past. Ginoza implies otherwise, in that he’s fully aware of the emotional impact this all has on Akane. That Ko understands so easily should tell you something to, and if Akane did not mean something beyond a trusted former partner and symbol of justice to Kogami, it would not have been important enough for that type of specificity in the dialogue.

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Can I refuse to be a first aider at work? ›

It is not a legal requirement that all employers have a fully trained first aider, but someone must be appointed to take charge of first aid in the workplace.

What are 5 responsibilities of a worker? ›

As a worker, you have a legal responsibility to maintain your own health and safety and not place others at risk.
  • Protect your own health and safety. ...
  • Do not place others at risk. ...
  • Treat others with respect. ...
  • Reporting safety concerns. ...
  • Further information.

What is the minimum first aid provision for any workplace? ›

The minimum first-aid provision on any work site is: a suitably stocked first-aid kit (see Q4); • an appointed person to take charge of first-aid arrangements (see Q5); • information for employees about first-aid arrangements (see Q9). It is important to remember that accidents and illness can happen at any time.

What is the minimum requirement that needs to be met to be prosecuted under health and safety? ›

3 To prosecute under section 8 you need to prove that: something was provided in the interests of health, safety or welfare under a relevant statutory provision, and. what was provided was either interfered with or misused, and. this was done either intentionally or recklessly.

Do first aiders get paid more? ›

First aiders have no right to receive additional pay, unless it's stated in their contract or you've done this historically.

Can a company force you to do training? ›

Employers must act reasonably where employees either resist or refuse training. Before dismissing an employee for any failure to follow a training instruction, you must ensure that the instruction was reasonable, and the refusal unreasonable, in all the circumstances.

What are my rights at work? ›

Also, you are entitled to the same legal protections as any other worker. You have a right to fair wages and overtime pay, receive protection against discrimination, harassment, and wrongful termination.

What are the 3 major rights as an employee? ›

There are three basic rights.
  • Every Worker has Rights. The Ham Commission Report was instrumental in establishing the three basic rights for workers. ...
  • Right to Know. ...
  • Right to Participate. ...
  • Right to Refuse Unsafe Work.

What are 4 employee rights? ›

The State shall protect labor, promote full employment, provide equal work opportunity regardless of gender, race, or creed; and regulate relations between employees and employers.

How long is first aid at work valid for? ›

Certificates for the purposes of first aid at work last for three years. Before their certificates expire, first-aiders will need to undertake a requalification course as appropriate, to obtain another three-year certificate.

How many employees are needed for a workplace to require a trained first aid person? ›

High-Risk Workplaces

For 5 to 50, at least one first aider trained in FAW or EFAW (depending on the type of injuries that may be sustained) is suggested. When the number of employees exceeds 50, at least one first aider trained in FAW for every 50 employed.

What is first aid short answer? ›

First aid refers to medical attention that is usually administered immediately after the injury occurs and at the location where it occurred. It often consists of a one-time, short-term treatment and requires little technology or training to administer.

Is careless driving a conviction? ›

The following offences are not deemed imprisonable and therefore are not criminal convictions, meaning they will not automatically go on your criminal record: Speeding. Careless driving. Failure to provide driver details.

How long do HSE investigations take? ›

The length of time that a HSE investigation takes will depend very much on the circumstances involved. A smaller investigation at one site would usually be carried out within a few hours, but a complex situation might require days, or even weeks of investigation in order for the enquiries to be satisfied.

What is the maximum penalty that a court can impose for a breach of the Health and Safety at Work Act? ›

Sentencing health and safety offences

The maximum penalty for failure by an employer to comply with a general duty imposed by HSWA 1974, ss 2–7 on summary conviction is 12 months imprisonment or an unlimited fine or both.

Can first aiders get sued? ›

If the first aider's intervention were considered negligent, however, they would be liable for damages if their actions worsened the existing injury, or caused the injury that would not otherwise have happened.

What is the highest level of first aid training? ›

Level 3. Level 3 is an advanced First Aid course and is Work Safe BC recognized. Being the highest First Aid level that can be achieved, this course encompasses First Aid and CPR attainments along with the ability to manage First Aid facilities, equipment, and records.

Is it worth doing a first aid course? ›

We think First Aid is an important skill to have for life, it also looks really good on your CV. All businesses have risk assessments in place which require a certain ratio of nominated First Aiders to employees, so this could boost your chances of employment and you could be the difference between life and death!

How do you refuse training? ›

Try to frame the rejection as a “can't” rather than a “won't.” Always thank the employee for their request and their interest in furthering their skills or knowledge. It's crucial to let them know that, while this particular request cannot be fulfilled, they should not be discouraged from actively seeking training.

What happens if employees are not trained? ›

Employees who have not been trained properly will produce less work and at a lower quality. Less knowledge and training lead to a lower level of performance, resulting in less profit. This type of work often leads to errors, quality issues, time lost repeating activities.

Can my boss charge me for training? ›

Employers can only deduct money for training courses if: it was agreed in the contract or in writing beforehand. the training was voluntary. the training was mandatory and deducting the cost would not take the pay below minimum wage.

What is an example of unfair treatment at work? ›

Here are just a few examples of unfair treatment at work:

Creating offensive comments, emails or social media posts about an employee. Demoting, transferring, or dismissing an employee without a fair, disciplinary process. Paying women lower wages for doing the same job, because of their sex.

What are 2 rights you have at work? ›

the right to say no to unsafe work. the right to be consulted about safety in the workplace. the right to workers compensation. the right to a fair and just workplace.

What can I do if my job is treating me unfairly? ›

You have the right to be treated fairly in the workplace, whatever your age. If you are a victim of unfair treatment or age discrimination in the workplace, make sure to document what you are experiencing. You could file a complaint with the EEOC and speak to a lawyer to clarify your options.

What rights do employees have that workers dont? ›

Employees have all the employment rights that workers do, as well as extra rights and responsibilities, including: parental leave and pay. Shared Parental Leave and Pay. maternity, paternity and adoption leave and pay.

What is the most basic employee right in the workplace? ›

Employees have a right to: Not be harassed or discriminated against (treated less favorably) because of race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy, sexual orientation, or gender identity), national origin, disability, age (40 or older) or genetic information (including family medical history).

What is a basic right of an employee? ›

The three basic rights of workers include rights concerning pay, hours and discrimination. Workers are entitled to these rights through the law and may declare their employer if they do not respect these rights.

What is considered work harassment? ›

Physical or verbal assaults, including threats, intimidation, or ridicule; OR. Personal insults, objects or pictures that are offensive in nature, and any other conduct that directly interferes with an employee's work performance.

How do you prove favoritism at work? ›

10 signs of favoritism at work.
  1. There are undeserved promotions. ...
  2. Only some people's input is up for consideration. ...
  3. A coworker receives extra attention from your leadership. ...
  4. There are double standards. ...
  5. It's easy to identify the boss's pet. ...
  6. You detect a sense of entitlement. ...
  7. Someone's getting extra privileges.
10 Feb 2022

What is an example of unfair discrimination? ›

Direct Discrimination – when you're treated unfairly in relation to a protected characteristic. For example, if you were denied a promotion because of your age, while younger people with similar abilities and experience were being promoted, that would likely be direct discrimination.

How do I pass my first aid course? ›

How do I Prepare for First Aid Courses?
  1. Wear loose-fitting, casual clothing, for maximum comfort during practical exercises.
  2. Give yourself enough time to fully embrace the course; don't rush it.
  3. Don't attempt to teach yourself, this can be contradictory to what you learn during an accredited course.
30 Sept 2020

Can I perform first aid if my certificate has expired? ›

Once the certificate has expired, the first aider will no longer be deemed competent to act as a first aider until they have successfully completed a further course.

Can you give first aid if expired? ›

You should replace used items as soon as they are used so that they are not missing from your kit in case of emergency. Some items within your first aid kit can expire. Items that have passed their expiry date should be disposed and replaced as they may not be effective and can start to deteriorate, making them unsafe.

How many safety officers are required per population? ›

The minimum number of workers required for the appointment of a Safety officer in a Factory, under Factory Act, 1948 is 1000 or more.

How many first aiders are needed for 50 people? ›

Low-Risk Workplaces

If you employ over 50 members of staff then you'll need one first aider for every 100 employees. However, it is still good practice to have one first aider per 50 employees and at least one first aider on each floor.

Can I be forced to do first aid at work? ›

Key facts. First aid treatment can save lives, so it is important that first aid is available in your workplace. Your employer must make first aid available for you both at your workplace and off-site. First aid provision should be based on an assessment of the risks at your workplace.

What is the 3 types of first aid? ›

Achieve First Aid also offers Advanced First Aid Courses (First Responder, Advanced First Aid, and Emergency Medical Responder).

How many questions is the CPR test? ›

The written exam will typically be 10-30 multiple choice questions testing a student's ability to recall facts and apply the things they learned to some basic scenarios. The skills test will, at a minimum, require the student to demonstrate high quality CPR on a manikin simulating an adult patient.

What are the 5 main of first aid? ›

The aims of first aid include preserving life, preventing injury from getting worse, aiding recovery, relieving pain, and protecting the unconscious.

How can police prove who was driving? ›

The prosecution must prove that you, rather than your wife, were the driver of the vehicle before the court can convict you of speeding. This is usually done in one of two ways. Either by photographic evidence showing you sat in the drivers seat, or a signed confession that you were the driver.

How can police prove careless driving? ›

For the prosecution to prove the offence of driving without reasonable consideration, it must show that other road users were inconvenienced by the defendant's driving, although this can be proved by inference. Other road users can include passengers in the defendant's car.

Can you lose your licence for careless driving? ›

Careless driving (driving without due care and attention)

This could result in a driving ban, an unlimited fine, or a prison sentence of up to five years.

How much can the HSE fine you? ›

Breach of duties under sections 2 to 6 HSWA

The maximum penalty in the Crown Court is an unlimited fine.

What do HSE inspectors look for? ›

The inspector will look at how you keep your workers, and anyone who may be affected by your work, healthy and safe. They may also give you advice on health and safety or make sure you are providing suitable welfare facilities, such as running hot and cold water and toilets.

What happens after an investigation at work? ›

What happens once the investigation concludes. At the end of an investigation, your employer should decide whether or not there is a case to answer. If there is no case to answer, the process should end there. If there is a case to answer, your employer may start a disciplinary process.

What is a Level 5 fine? ›

A Level 5 Offence will be subject to an unlimited fine as will offences tried in a Crown Court. This topic describes the range of penalties and fines that regulatory and enforcement bodies can apply.

What happens if you breach the health and safety Act? ›

Failure to comply with these requirements can have serious consequences – for both organisations and individuals. Sanctions include fines, imprisonment and disqualification.

What is the maximum fine a magistrates can give? ›

The maximum fine allowed in both magistrates' courts and the Crown Court is unlimited (the maximum in magistrates' court for offences committed before 12 March 2015 is £5,000). In 2019, 78 per cent of all offenders received a fine, a total of 927,000 offenders.

Is it mandatory to have a trained occupational first aider in every workplace? ›

Employers have a duty to provide first-aid materials/equipment at all places of work where working conditions require it. Depending on the size and/or specific hazards of the workplace, trained occupational first aiders must also be provided.

Do all staff need to be first aid trained? ›

The appointed person does not need specific first-aid training. If your workplace has more significant health and safety risks, for example you use machinery or hazardous materials then you are more likely to need a trained first-aider.

Do first aiders have a legal obligation? ›

Workers must comply with reasonable health and safety policies and procedures they have been provided. For example, workers would be expected to comply with the procedures for first aid and for reporting injuries and illnesses.

Can you work without a first aider on site? ›

What are the repercussions of not having a first-aider on site? If the risks you have identified in your first aid needs assessment require the provision of first-aiders on site, you must ensure that your business has “adequate and appropriate” measures in place to ensure the health and safety of your employees.

Can you give out paracetamol at work? ›

Employees Tablets and medication

First aid at work does not include giving tablets or medicines to treat illness. The only exception to this is where aspirin is used when giving first aid to a casualty with a suspected heart attack, in accordance with currently accepted first-aid practice.

What training is mandatory? ›

Mandatory training is compulsory training that is determined essential by an organisation for the safe and efficient delivery of services. This type of training is designed to reduce organisational risks and comply with local or national policies and government guidelines.

Is safety training a legal requirement? ›

Employers are legally required by law (The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005) to provide information, instruction and training to employees about fire precautions in the workplace.

Can you administer first aid without a certificate? ›

A first-aider is someone who has undertaken training appropriate to the circumstances. They must hold a valid certificate of competence in either: first aid at work. emergency first aid at work.

How long does a first aid certificate last? ›

Certificates. Certificates for the purposes of first aid at work last for three years. Before their certificates expire, first-aiders will need to undertake a requalification course as appropriate, to obtain another three-year certificate.

How many chest compressions should be given in CPR? ›

Place the heel of your hand on the centre of the person's chest, then place the palm of your other hand on top and press down by 5 to 6cm (2 to 2.5 inches) at a steady rate of 100 to 120 compressions a minute. After every 30 chest compressions, give 2 rescue breaths.

What are the four 4 main legal issues to consider in first aid? ›

identifying hazards that could result in work-related injury or illness 2. assessing the type, severity and likelihood of injuries and illness 3. providing the appropriate first aid equipment, facilities and training, and 4. reviewing your first aid requirements on a regular basis or as circumstances change.

What is negligence in first aid? ›

What Is First Aid Negligence? If a person chooses to perform first aid on an injured person, they have a duty of care to that person. First aid negligence is when the trained first aider administering first aid, does so in a way that does not meet the appropriate standard of care.

Are you legally obligated to perform CPR? ›

If Certified in CPR, You Are Required to Help in an Emergency: FALSE. There are a few states that issue fines to bystanders for not helping in an emergency, but there are no laws that would force a person to give CPR to person in need.

Can I refuse to work without PPE? ›

Personal protective equipment

In some jobs, failure to use PPE properly can be grounds for disciplinary action or even dismissal. However, you can refuse to wear PPE if it puts your safety at risk, because it doesn't fit properly for example. Ask your employer or the firm's safety representative for the right size.


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